Finish the Transgression

September 29, 2020 

Daniel 9:24–27

24“Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place. 

25Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time.

 26And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed. 

27And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.”

 The six things Gabriel lays out for Daniel can be divided into two categories: Three are about sin and three are about God’s kingdom.

 At the end of the 490 years God will finish the transgression of Israel. The verb “to finish” (kālā’) means “to bring something to an end.” Israel’s sin of disobedience will be brought to an end at Christ’s second coming when she repents and turns to Him as her Messiah and Savior. Then she will be restored to the land and blessed, in answer to Daniel’s prayer. 

This will “finish” the transgression of Israel. Remember that the blood of animals could never remove sin. It only covered sin from year to year. But when Christ returns to earth the people of Israel will see him as their messiah and repent for not having believed in him at his first coming. Israel will be forgiven, having placed their faith and hope in Jesus Christ. 

This will usher in the millennial period where Jesus will sit on the throne of Israel and rule the earth from Jerusalem. Sin will not be gone from the earth, but people born during the millennial period will have to make their own decision to follow the King Jesus. Gentiles in other nations during the millennial period (yes there will be gentiles alive during this period) will also have to make that same choice. 

We understand these events better today because of the history we can study and because the Apostle John also wrote about these events in his book of Revelation. We have books and commentaries, podcasts and video series all giving us their opinion of how and sometimes when these things will take place. Daniel didn’t know, John didn’t know, and we don’t know either. But we are looking forward to these events because we understand the significance and life changing drama that will unfold upon all the earth on that day.



Seventy Weeks

September 28, 2020 

Daniel 9:24–27

24“Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place. 

25Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time. 

26And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed. 

27And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.” 

Gabriel, the angel of God was sent to Daniel to explain the dream. The dream of Daniel concerns world history as it relates Israel and Jerusalem. It does not talk about the church or about the Unites States, it deals with events surrounding God’s promises and great love for the people of Israel. 

Remember that the covenant God made with Abraham was an everlasting covenant. Abrahams descendants will inherit the land of promise. The covenant was confirmed with blood as God walked between the slain animal parts that Abraham had cut in two as part of the covenant ceremony of Genesis 15. 

But Israel sinned, and broke the covenant with God. The covenant demanded death on the part of the transgressor, but if you remember the story of Genesis 15 God did not allow Abraham to walk between the slain animal parts, only God was allowed to make that journey. God was telling Abraham, “If I break this covenant between you and me, I will have to die. Like these torn animal pieces, I will deserve to be torn apart, cut off. But if you break the covenant with me, I alone have to die, I will be cut off from the living in your place.” 

God was determined to pay the transgression price for Israel. The seventy weeks is about the restoration of Israel and the process established to bring it all about. 

God tells Daniel it will all be accomplished in 70 weeks. When we hear that we think in terms of weeks of days. 52 weeks in a year, so less than a year and a half and this can all take place? No, God is talking about weeks of years. He’s talking about 490 years to complete the list of events he has decreed necessary to accomplish all these things. 

What are those things? They are listed in verse 24 and there are six events that must take place. Why six? These are all necessary for the redemption of mankind and the number of man is 6. These are all necessary to restore the creation which was created in 6 days. There is a lot of symbolism in Daniel but along with the symbolism are some very important truths about these future events. 

God wanted Daniel to understand these things and to record them for future generations who would then read and understand. We can begin to check things off the list today, checking off the things that have already taken place and then we are able to see what still lies ahead for Israel and for the world.  



The Answer

September 25, 2020 

Daniel 9:20–27

20While I was speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my plea before the Lord my God for the holy hill of my God, 21while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the first, came to me in swift flight at the time of the evening sacrifice. 

22He made me understand, speaking with me and saying, “O Daniel, I have now come out to give you insight and understanding. 23At the beginning of your pleas for mercy a word went out, and I have come to tell it to you, for you are greatly loved. Therefore consider the word and understand the vision. 

24“Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place. 

25Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time. 

26And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. Its end shall come with a flood, and to the end there shall be war. Desolations are decreed. 

27And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.” 

God heard the prayer of Daniel. Gabriel, the angel assigned to bring messages from God to humans brought an immediate reply to Daniel’s prayer. Daniel needed help understanding the future events surrounding Israel. 

Jerimiah had given details up to the end of their 70 years of captivity, but that was the end of Jeremiah’s book. God had given Daniel a vision about the coming gentile nations, but Daniel was interested in the future of Israel in particular. While Daniel was confessing his sin and the sin of Israel the word went out from God to Gabriel and he was immediately sent. 

We will spend time breaking down this prophesy concerning the seventy weeks, but for now I want us to see something very important that is often overlooked. Daniel is not a prophet, not like the other prophets, Jerimiah, Ezekiel, Isaiah and others. These men spoke for God and were in a sense “employed by God” far a particular purpose: To reveal to the present generation and make them aware of their sin and to move them to repentance. 

But Daniel is a working-class person. He works for the government. He is not a leader of Israel, but he is a servant of God and of men. He is God’s man, being used in a secular world by gentile leaders to make wise decisions that will benefit the society. 

Daniel does not consider himself to be a victim, but rather that God has placed him exactly where he needs to be so that he can be a benefit to the people around him and to God. Daniel doesn’t consider himself insignificant either, just because he is not in “full-time ministry” like the priests or the prophets. But rather, he conveys the attitude of another captive in the Persian empire Mordecai, who tells Esther, “Who knows if perhaps you were made queen for just such a time as this?” 

He is the right man, at the right time, with the right job… and what does he do? He prays.




Daily Devotions 2020